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What Causes Sperm Loss?

By: Sangeet Khanna - Updated: 20 Nov 2020 | comments*Discuss
Semen Analysis Mobile Phones

Sperm loss mainly refers to low sperm count. In medical terms it is known as Oligospermia. For the male, evaluation of infertility begins with a semen analysis. This test analyses various parameters of the semen: sperm count, sperm morphology, sperm motility, semen volume, which all play a crucial role in healthy sperm delivery.

Counting the sperm in the semen is one of the ways to diagnose the causes leading to infertility within a couple. One of the most important causes of male infertility is Oligospermia. Oligospermia is a condition when the sperm count present in the semen is below normal. The normal sperm count is 20million/millilitre to 40million/millilitre. But if the sperm count is less than 20million/millilitre then the condition is known as Oligospermia.

Apart from the number of sperm present, there are some other guidelines that should also be known before defining the semen as healthy. Immediately after ejaculation, semen clots forming a jelly like liquid and then again liquefies after 5-40 minutes. Abnormalities in this process are a symptom of unhealthy semen.

The average volume of semen is 2-5ml, if the volume is less than 1.5 ml the condition is known as hyporspermia. If the volume is more than 5.5ml then the condition is known as hyperspermia. Sperm viability is also an important factor. At least 60% of the spermatozoa should be alive; minimum 30 percent should be normal in shape and size. These all contribute to define semen as healthy. Deficiency in any of these measures leads to male infertility and falls under the category of low sperm count.

The main causes for low sperm count:

  • Ejaculation cycle: the gap between two ejaculations should be at least 3 days. If the cycle falls short you can’t maintain the health of semen. Maximum number of ejaculation leads to a fall in the density of semen.
  • Smoking and Marijuana use: smoking reduces sperm lifespan and also can cause genetic change that can affect the offspring. Chronic cigarette smoking can cause toxins to buildup within the testes leading to defects in sperm morphology and motility. Chronic Marijuana use can also affect sperm. Marijuana can reduce sperm count and lead to fertility impairment.
  • Genetic factors: in some cases the genetic factor is also a great contributor towards male infertility. Some of the causes might have been inherited or might have been developed due to environmental causes. Some examples of genetic factors are Klinefelter syndrome and Kartagener syndrome.
  • Exposure to heat: sperm need a cooler environment to survive. This is one of the advantages of the scrotal sac. So generally working under high temperature zones or wearing tight fitting underwear, taking regular hot water baths or sitting in sauna tubs for extended periods of time can increase the temperature of the scrotum and thus affect sperm characteristics.
  • Mobile phone use: although this may be a recent finding and more research needs to be done, there is data which shows that carrying a mobile phone in the trousers or using mobiles for long durations can cause lower sperm count. Research says persons using a mobile heavily have a lower sperm count, by up to 30%.
  • Age: though the effect of age is not properly defined, evidence is growing supporting this hypothesis. Mostly it is watched that the fertility rate falls around half with 60% of men after an age of 39.
  • Some other causes: Zinc deficiency, Anabolic steroid use, sexually transmitted infection, ionizing radiation etc.
Sperm loss can be attributed to a number of factors, from lifestyle choices, genetics and now even modern society. Males are often surprised to learn that they are just as much a cause for infertility as their female partner. It is important to exercise precaution and maintain a healthy lifestyle, especially if the male is attempting to conceive.

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I'm seeing only watered with little amount of white colourwhen it come out from my anus .wt is ur suggestions for this . please send reply.
raja - 11-Feb-17 @ 12:48 PM
Hi I am 23 year old , I had 5 wet dreams in within 9 days. This cenerio making me tense. Is this a problem ? The gap is not more then one day
Zain - 9-Jan-17 @ 10:05 PM
What can I use to generate loss of sleeps at the age of 60?
Sidney - 17-Dec-16 @ 12:02 AM
After having sex i don't see any sperm
Biggy - 9-Jun-16 @ 9:33 PM
I am 18 in Year old.... I am loading sperm from 6 months... Lossing sperm will cause anxiety & shaky hands? Plz reply my doudt. & mention side effect of lossing sperm... How to control sex?
Pakku - 24-Jan-16 @ 6:13 AM
I feel happy to masturbate every day from the age of 16 now I'm 19 my height is only 160cm but my father height is 167cm mother height is 165cm, so I feel to short IS THAT BECAUSE OF MASTURBATION??
sal - 10-Jan-16 @ 8:50 PM
yujin - Your Question:
Hi, I would like to know what happens if I masturbate everyday? Will it cause the loss of sperm count? Will it make my sperms unhealthy?

Our Response:
No it should not make any difference to the quality or quantity of your sperm.
FertilityExpert - 10-Dec-15 @ 12:27 PM
Hi, I would like to know what happens if I masturbate everyday? Will it cause the loss of sperm count? Will it make my sperms unhealthy?
yujin - 9-Dec-15 @ 12:25 PM
Unfortunately my habit r very bad i m shake everyday.please give advice and causes I suffer
sahu - 12-Nov-15 @ 2:19 PM
bugsboner - Your Question:
I have reasently exspearinced a loss of sperm what can cause it and what can I do to stop it. It has loss 50% of its volume

Our Response:
The main causes for loss of sperm are listed in the article see the section "The main causes for low sperm count" in the article above. You should speak with your GP if you are worried.
FertilityExpert - 4-Sep-15 @ 11:06 AM
I have reasently exspearinced a loss of sperm what can cause it and what can i do to stop it. It hasloss 50% of its volume
bugsboner - 3-Sep-15 @ 6:28 PM
I'm 59 i have a normal sex life but what has me worried is I have no sperm at all. Is this nnormal
marsbar - 14-Aug-15 @ 10:46 AM
@Ola. Your GP will be the best person to ask about this. Sorry but we cannot give advice on individual medical issues.
FertilityExpert - 16-Apr-15 @ 12:50 PM
i constantly loss a lot of semen and i usualy have pain wenever i want to urinate..i want the solution..thanks
ola - 15-Apr-15 @ 8:09 PM
Over anxiety is the first cause. baby is gifted not prepared according to our choice. most of the married couple are planning the birth by adopting artificial methods to stop natural pregnancy. the nature always plays its role as long as it is under involuntary control. if we take over the control, the natural system will fail. disorder is an awareness, not physical.most of the doctors diagnose it as sperm defect since every born woman is capable of conception. men are blamed just to show the cause. it will further deteriorate the masculinity since it is made public as well woman too gives same reason to society. if partners unite and nicely do what they are suppose to do in bed room rather than breaking their head for a baby. everyhealthy organs or part of creative nature.
yssubramanyam - 17-Oct-12 @ 12:40 AM
good information for low semen sufferers
scientist - 29-Oct-11 @ 9:58 AM
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